The Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) was originally drafted by legal scholars in 1952 in order to provide consistency in transactions that occur in more than one state. For example, you car may have been manufactured in Detroit, you may have bought it in Philadelphia, and you may have registered it in Rochester, where you now live. If something goes wrong with your car, and Michigan, Pennsylvania, and New York each have substantially different laws regarding the manufacturer's obligations to you, resolving the issue would be problematic. The UCC seeks to smooth out the differences and provide those conducting interstate transactions with the same set of rules.
The UCC isn't, by itself, a law; rather, it's a set of guidelines developed by the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws and the American Law Institute. The UCC has become law because each state and the District of Columbia have adopted it (sometimes with revisions) to help pave the way for interstate commerce.
Car buyers are covered under Article 2 of the UCC, which governs contracts for the sales of goods. There are four areas that are applicable: tender, acceptance, rejection, and revocation.
Lemon owners became increasingly frustrated with the burdens imposed by the UCC, specifically because it doesn't define the length of time that a vehicle should be covered or the number of miles a vehicle can be driven. In 1980, the California Legislature attempted to bridge the gap with the introduction of a Lemon Law. While the California legislation didn't pass, the Connecticut legislature succeeded in passing the nation's first Lemon Law, which was signed on June 4, 1982.
Today, every state and the District of Columbia has a Lemon Law on the books, and most people who find themselves with a lemon vehicle are able to find justice using Lemon Laws. However, Lemon Laws vary greatly from state to state, and there are circumstances where the UCC can still provide consumers with an avenue of redress.